Statement by Ministers of the Global Coalition
1. We welcome the decisive milestones to date in reducing Daesh’ territorial control and degrading its leadership, access to resources, and global networks. We commend the efforts of our Iraqi partners, who have liberated more than 60 percent of their territory once held by Daesh and made significant progress recovering Mosul. We are gratified that Syrian partners have cleared Daesh from more than a third of the territory it once controlled in Syria. Now Daesh is on the defensive in Raqqa. We commend the efforts of Coalition and Syrian opposition forces who, via Operation Euphrates Shield, have successfully cleared Daesh from al-Bab, Dabiq, Jarabulus and other areas. Overall, the number of Daesh fighters has been reduced by half. They have been scattered in Libya and pressed on multiple fronts elsewhere, including Afghanistan and Africa. Outside of Iraq and Syria, we have put greater pressure on Daesh’ branches and global networks. Coalition partner information sharing, diplomatic engagement, and military strikes have put pressure on Daesh finances. Multinational cooperation has disrupted potential attacks worldwide, degraded Daesh’ ability to operate across international borders and diminished its on-line influence.
2. We recognize that the gains against Daesh have not been without cost. We honor the sacrifices of our partners, notably those in Iraq and Syria, but also in Libya, Afghanistan, Turkey and elsewhere in Africa and the Middle East, who have been on the front lines of this effort. We also recognize and deplore the suffering of countless civilians because of Daesh, exemplified by its violence against men, women and children, enslavement and trafficking of women, recruitment of child soldiers and persecution of minority communities.
3. Looking ahead, we are committed to denying Daesh sanctuary and to preventing Daesh from dispersing its fighters, weapons, or resources within Iraq and Syria or elsewhere. Our Coalition is committed to supporting local forces as they move to liberate Mosul, Raqqa and other Daesh strongholds and work toward its final defeat. We also stand ready to help liberated communities recover from the damage and suffering inflicted by Daesh. We underscore the need for safeguarding civilians, as well as full and immediate humanitarian access, especially for UN agencies and their partners, in order to address the basic needs of the communities liberated from Daesh, as well as displaced persons and others in need in besieged and hard-to-reach areas of Syria.
4. Daesh cannot be allowed to re-emerge in areas it once held in Iraq and Syria or spread to the wider region. While the primary responsibility lies with national and local governments, support for stabilization and public safety in liberated communities continues to be a top priority for our Coalition. Successful stabilization and long-term recovery will stem from good governance, the provision of services, and security arrangements that benefit all communities. We welcome the pledges by Coalition partners to assist with stabilization, demining, humanitarian and public safety requirements in liberated areas of Iraq and Syria. We are gratified that partners have already pledged more than two billion dollars for such assistance in 2017 and continue to provide other vital support, notably for the Italian-led police training program in Iraq. Such contributions will create the conditions necessary for local reconciliation and for affected families to return home voluntarily, safely, with dignity, and at a time of their choosing. We welcome efforts to help Syrians promote stability in liberated communities and resist inroads by extremists. In all liberated areas, we support efforts to promote community-level reconciliation and accountability for Daesh’s crimes. We stand ready to support further development of Iraq’s comprehensive plan for the stabilization of Mosul and the coordination of international support.
5. We strongly support Prime Minister Abadi’s vision for an Iraq free of Daesh and his government’s work to enhance public services, reinforce inclusive governance, reduce corruption, decentralize certain federal authorities, and ensure the equal rights of all Iraqis irrespective of their ethnicity, gender, religion, or belief, in line with the Iraqi Constitution. We applaud the Government of Iraq for protecting civilians in conflict zones. We reaffirm our unwavering support to Iraq and its unity, sovereignty and territorial integrity. We encourage the Government of Iraq to persevere in its work toward national and local reconciliation, stabilization and reconstruction of liberated areas.
6. The Coalition stands with the Syrian people in support of a genuine political transition based on the 2012 Geneva Communique and UNSCR 2254, aimed at establishing an inclusive, pluralistic, and non-sectarian government that represents the will of all Syrians. To this end, we support the mediation efforts of UN Special Envoy Staffan de Mistura. A negotiated political resolution to the conflict is essential to bring about the defeat of Daesh, achieve peace in Syria, and preserve the sovereignty, independence, and territorial integrity of Syria. We recognize the contribution of the Astana meetings in paving the way for the resumption of UN-sponsored talks in Geneva. We condemn all indiscriminate violence and violence targeting civilians, whether by the regime and its supporters, Daesh, al-Qaeda affiliated groups, or other armed actors. We are united in our call for a genuine commitment to a sustained ceasefire and for full, unobstructed humanitarian access. We express concern for the plight of refugees and internally displaced persons and stress the imperative of building conditions for their safe return, consistent with the principle of non-refoulement and in accordance with applicable international law and taking into account the interests of host countries. The Coalition welcomes the “Conference on Supporting the Future of Syria and the Region” in Brussels on 5 April 2017 as a positive step to benefit the people of Syria.
7. We commend Libyan Prime Minister Sarraj and the forces aligned with the Government of National Accord (GNA) for the liberation of the city of Sirte from Daesh. We pay tribute to those Libyans who have lost their lives or have been wounded confronting Daesh in Sirte, Benghazi, and in other parts of the country. However, the continued political and security instability in Libya risks undermining the strategic objectives of political reconciliation and countering terrorism. We call on all parties including the relevant security actors to commit to the Libya Political Agreement and resolve their differences through dialogue and national reconciliation. We also remain vigilant against the threat of Daesh in other parts of the country and continue to support efforts to deprive it of finances, fighters, and avenues of recruitment and influence.
8. We commend the efforts of the Government of Afghanistan, along with its National Defense and Security Forces, in the fight against Daesh and in implementing its National Strategy against Daesh.
9. We recognize and support efforts by Nigeria and its partners to defeat Daesh affiliates and stabilize affected areas in the Lake Chad basin region.
10. Coalition members are actively disrupting Daesh networks that move individuals, material and funds to enable external attacks. Information sharing, enhanced traveler screening and law enforcement cooperation – including collection of evidence admissible in courts of law – are essential to this effort, as is the ability to prosecute and penalize foreign terrorist fighters and others providing material support to Daesh. We encourage information sharing through INTERPOL and other collective law enforcement channels, such as EUROPOL, as well as through financial intelligence unit (FIU) channels. We encourage members to contribute and screen against records of lost and stolen passports, foreign terrorist fighter profiles and biometric filters maintained in INTERPOL’s global criminal investigative databases. We likewise encourage establishing access between INTERPOL’s I-24/7 system and all borders and ports of entry to prevent, interdict and deter foreign terrorist travel. We underscore our support for international frameworks – including, but not limited to, UN Security Council Resolutions 2178 and 2253 – along with institutions such as the Global Counterterrorism Forum, the Financial Action Task Force, and the Egmont Group of FIUs, to curb foreign terrorist fighter travel, financing, trafficking and illicit trade, including in controlled materials. We support greater international cooperation to repatriate artifacts stolen by Daesh and others as a source of income for terrorist activities, consistent with obligations established by applicable UN conventions and resolutions.
11. The Coalition supports enhanced efforts to prevent radicalization and recruitment into Daesh and its branches by addressing the factors underpinning its emergence and continued appeal. Success against Daesh’s radicalization and recruitment efforts includes strengthening social cohesion and enhancing the resilience of communities – including teachers, social workers, religious leaders, women and youth – to recognize and respond constructively to these challenges. We recognize that returning Daesh fighters may pose a threat to their home countries and that we must address the issue by various means that may include reintegration and rehabilitation, as well as monitoring, investigation, and prosecution.
12. We will intensify our efforts to confront Daesh in the digital battlespace and reshape the public narrative around Daesh to one of failure. Members will continue their collaboration to discredit Daesh’s propaganda, emphasizing credible, authentic voices that provide alternative narratives to challenge Daesh’s world view. We will work with the private sector to develop long-term, sustainable initiatives that make communities, especially youth, more resistant to Daesh’s message. We welcome private sector initiatives to prevent Daesh and its supporters from exploiting social media platforms. These include technical means to facilitate removal of material which violates terms and conditions for users.
13. We are gratified by the momentum collectively generated by the Coalition and its partners and express our determination to intensify and accelerate our efforts to eliminate Daesh. We recognize the need for sustained coordination of the Coalition across all its lines of efforts. The working groups of the Coalition are essential to this coordination, and we remain committed to their continued progress. With this in mind, we look forward to the next meeting of the Small Group and working groups of the Global Coalition in July 2017.