Guidelines for media reporting on Daesh
- Use dispassionate language when describing attacks or terrorists.
- Avoid publishing images of Daesh members or terrorists in combat gear unless there is a public safety reason for doing so (ex. if the perpetrator is still being sought by authorities).
- Exercise caution in reporting Daesh’s claims as fact. Statements by Daesh’s propaganda unit, Amaq, following recent terror attacks in the UK and abroad actually show that Daesh had no prior knowledge of these attacks.
- Avoid war terminology as it fuels fear, gives terrorist organisations power and mirrors their language.
- Avoid glorifying perpetrators by giving them a nickname ex. ‘White Widow’ or ‘The Beatles’.
|Amaq News Agency|
Al Hayat Media Centre
|Daesh’s propaganda unit, Amaq||Daesh does not produce objective news or facts. Employing Daesh’s terms plays into its narrative and misleads the reader.|
|Caliphate||Daesh-held territory||Using ‘Caliphate’ gives Daesh false legitimacy as it is not a legitimate state.|
|Daesh military commanders / generals||Senior Daesh terrorist||Using warlike terminology implies that Daesh is a legitimate state actor which it is not.|
|Terrorist||Emir and caliph confer a positive connotation and a level of legitimacy to Daesh’s claims of an Islamic caliphate.|
Foreign terrorist fighter
|Avoid as it can glorify criminal activity.|
|Islamic||Islamist||Avoid using ‘Islamic’ so as not to conflate Islam with terrorism. An Islamist is someone who wishes to impose their interpretation of Islam on society, usually expressed as a desire to enforce Sharia.|
IS / ISIL / ISIS
|Daesh||Daesh is not a state and no legitimacy should be given or implied. The Arabic acronym Daesh has a negative connotation.|
|Jihad / Jihadi / Mujahid(a) / Mujahideen||Fighter / Perpetrator / Terrorist |
*(only when sure of accuracy)
|These terms theologically legitimize the perpetrator’s intentions and ignores the complex religious meanings of ‘jihad’. If reporting insists on its usage, ensure it is distinguished as ‘violent jihad’.|
|Jihadi bride||Avoid this term as it negates women’s agency.|
|Lone wolf||Lone actor||‘Wolf’ has a positive, almost heroic connotation. Care should be taken not to glorify criminal activity.|
|Mastermind(s)||Perpetrator||Mastermind gives credit to the criminal.|
|Rumiyah||Daesh’s propaganda paper/ magazine||Rumiyah should be clarified as Daesh’s propaganda paper.|
|Soldier(s)||Fighter(s), Perpetrator(s)||War terminology should be avoided as it incites fear and adds a sense of authority and legitimacy to both the crime and criminal.|
|Terrorist||Avoid term until confirmed by relevant authorities.||During an attack describe the action ex. ‘bombers’ or ‘gunmen’.|
|Terrorist attack||As Above.||Only use when law enforcement and appropriate authorities have declared this.|
|Daesh follower/member |
Dead suicide bomber
|Avoid all words that may lead to glorification or imply martyrdom.|